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Thursday, 14 December 2017

Obesity


Obesity or weight problems is a scientific situation wherein excess body fats has amassed to the volume that it could have a negative effect on fitness. Humans are typically considered obese while their frame mass index (bmi), a measurement received by means of dividing someone's weight with the aid of the square of the individual's height, is over 30 kg/m2, with the range 25–30 kg/m2 defined as overweight. A few east asian international locations use lower values. Weight problems increases the likelihood of various diseases and situations, particularly cardiovascular illnesses, kind 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, positive kinds of most cancers, osteoarthritis and despair.

Causes of obesity

Obesity is generally caused by consuming more calories – particularly those in fatty and sugary foods – than you burn off through physical activity. The excess energy is stored by the body as fat.

Obesity is an increasingly common problem because for many people modern living involves eating excessive amounts of cheap, high-calorie food and spending a lot of time sitting down, at desks, on sofas or in cars.

There are also some underlying health conditions that can occasionally contribute to weight gain, such as an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), although these type of conditions don’t usually cause weight problems if they're effectively controlled with medication.

Treatment and management of obesity

  • Weight loss program
  • Exercise
  • Dieting
  • Self-care
  • Therapies
  • Medication
  • Surgery


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